Added: Maricarmen Farley - Date: 25.09.2021 12:02 - Views: 35660 - Clicks: 9982
They range from small streams and wetlands to large waterways.
No two of these rivers are the same. Each river is unique to its landscape, winding through low foothills and valleys, rushing clear and cold from mountain forests, or sweeping warm and muddy down desert canyons. A tributary is a river that feeds into another river, rather than ending in a lake, pond, or ocean.
The beginning of a river is called its headwaters.
Some headwaters are springs that come from under the ground. Others are marshy areas fed by mountain snow. What happens in the headwaters is very important to the health of the whole river, because anything that happens upstream affects everything downstream. The shape of a river channel depends on how much water has been flowing in it for how long, over what kinds of soil or rock, and through what vegetation.
There are many different kinds of river channels — some are wide and constantly changing, some crisscross like a braid, and others stay in one main channel between steep banks. Each kind of river channel has unique benefits to the environment. In the West, these riverside areas provide habitat for more bird species than all other vegetation combined. These areas also provide valuable services like protection from erosion during floodsand filtering polluted run-off from cities and farms. Floodplains are low, flat areas next to rivers, lakes and coastal waters that periodically flood when the water is high.
The animals and plants that live in a floodplain often need floods to survive and reproduce. Healthy floodplains benefit communities by absorbing floodwaters that would otherwise rush downstream, threatening people and property. The end of a river is its mouth, or delta. Usually this happens when the river meets an ocean, lake, or wetland.
As the river slows and spre out, it can no longer transport all of the sand and sediment it has picked up along its journey from the headwaters. Wetlands are lands that are soaked with water from nearby lakes, rivers, oceans, or underground springs. Some wetlands stay soggy all year, while others dry out.
Although wetlands are best known for providing habitat to a wide variety of plants and animals, they also help protect our communities by acting as natural sponges, storing and slowly releasing floodwaters.
A single acre of wetland, saturated to a depth of one foot, will retaingallons of water — enough to flood thirteen average-sized homes thigh-deep. Wetlands also help provide clean water by naturally filtering out pollution. First, there is the amount of water that flows in the river. Some rivers get enough water from their headwaters, tributaries, and rain to flow all year round. Others go from cold, raging rivers to small, warm streams as the snowpack runs out, or even stop flowing completely. In a natural, wild river, the water runs freely.
The United States has more than 2. Anatomy of A River No matter how different our rivers are, all rivers share some basic anatomy features. What parts make up a river? Tributaries A tributary is a river that feeds into another river, rather than ending in a lake, pond, or ocean. Channel The shape of a river channel depends on how much water has been flowing in it for how long, over what kinds of soil or rock, and through what vegetation. Floodplains Floodplains are low, flat areas next to rivers, lakes and coastal waters that periodically flood when the water is high.
Wetlands Wetlands are lands that are soaked with water from nearby lakes, rivers, oceans, or underground springs. Make an Impact There are so many ways you can get involved with helping to protect and Conserving Clean Water Water crises are in the top 10 of the most likely and highest impact Stay Up to Date.Find Head waters
email: [email protected] - phone:(614) 783-7559 x 7925